Picasso is potentially the most famous artist of the twentieth century, and one of the few artists to become so famous during his own lifetime. He was actually considered a prodigy, learning to draw before he was able to talk and mastering everything his first art teacher (his father) could teach him by the age of 13 (1). He was granted access to the prestigious School of Fine Arts in Barcelona at the age of 14, much younger than most students, due to the quality of his entrance exam (2).
Picasso became most well-known in the art community for his work Les Demoiselles d'Avignon. It was unlike anything else that another artist had produced. This piece marks the beginnings of Cubism, an art form focused on geometric shapes, simultaneous viewpoints of the same scene, and an attempt to show the passage of time in a stationary medium (3).
Picasso was also able to become so famous because of his ability to output such large amounts of work. He switched styles and media often, resulting in a body of work which is unmatched by any other contemporary artist (4).