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How did Texas become part of the United States?

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asked Oct 3, 2015 in History by anonymous
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Here is a timeline of the events that led to Texas becoming a part of the United States: [1][2]

 

  • In 1820, an American named Moses Austin received approval from Spain to bring 300 families to the then Spanish-controlled province of Texas.
     
  • In 1821, Mexico won it's independence from Spain, gaining control over the areas that had made up New Spain including Spanish Texas. That same year, Moses Austin died. His son Stephen F. Austin took over the Spanish land grant, which Mexico agreed to honor. In 1822, he and a group of settlers who came to be known as the "Old Three Hundred" moved onto the land near the Brazos River.
     
  • By the late 1820s, conflict began to arise because the settlers weren't ready to embrace Mexico's culture. They didn't see themselves as Mexicans, instead referring to themselves as "Texians". Many of the settlers brought slaves with them, which was in direct conflict with Mexico's anti-slavery laws. Mexico began to fear that they would lose Texas. As a result, they began to encourage more Mexicans to move into the area.
     
  • In April of 1930, Mexico banned U.S. immigration because of their fear of losing control of Texas. They began to encourage immigration from Europe and Mexico instead. At the same time they increased their military presence in the area. Texans were angered, and began to push for statehood and self-rule.
     
  • In 1833, Santa Anna became president of Mexico. Initially, Texans were fine with this change, mainly because Santa Anna supported the idea of a federalist government. However, shortly after, Santa Anna put measures in place that transformed Mexico's government from a federalist government to a centralized government. This provided the perfect excuse for Texans to revolt.
     
  • That same year, Texas sent Stephen F. Austin to present a series of proposals to Santa Anna. These proposals, which had been drafted by the Texas delegates, included allowing immigration from the United States, exempting Texans from Mexico's anti-slavery laws and demanding statehood for the area. After presenting their proposals, Stephen Austin was imprisoned for two years on suspicion of treason.
     
  • The Texas Revolution began in October of 1835 at the Battle of Gonzalez and ended in April of 1936 when the Mexican troops were defeated by General Sam Houston at the Battle of San Jacinto. Santa Anna was captured and forced to sign the Treaties of Velasco, bringing the war to a close.
     
  • The new Republic of Texas quickly elected Sam Houston as their president, and Mirabeau B. Lamar as vice president. Stephen Austin was appointed Secretary of State.
     
  • Nearly 10 years later in 1845, after working through a number of difficult diplomatic issues, Texas was formally annexed to the United States. President Polk declared the Rio Grande as the southern border of Texas. Mexico disagreed, which eventually led to the start of the  U.S.-Mexican War. In 1948, the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo was signed, bringing the war to an end. The treaty not only established borders for Texas and forced Mexico to recognize it as a part of the United States, but it also included the acquisition of Mexico's northern territory. This area included modern-day California, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah and Arizona, along with certain parts of Wyoming and Colorado. The land was acquired for $15 million.

 

This video tells the story of the annexation of Texas:

 

 

References: 

 

1. http://www.thestoryoftexas.com/discover/texas-history-timeline

2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Texas

answered Oct 7, 2015 by blueskies (57,070 points)

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