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What type of "people food" is harmful for dogs?

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My sister just got a new puppy for Christmas. What type of "people food" should we avoid giving to the dog?
asked Jan 1, 2016 in Pets by Morgan
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Many foods are not good for dogs to eat. Some may cause unpleasant symptoms, such as diarrhea, but others can cause fatal reactions, so it is a good idea to know which foods you should not give your dog, no matter how longingly he looks at you.

 

ALCOHOL

 

Any beverage or food that contains alcohol produces effects in dogs similar to those it produces in people; however, it takes less alcohol to produce those effects in dogs, especially in small dogs. Vomiting, diarrhea, coordination problems, breathing difficulties, coma and death may occur when a dog ingests alcohol. [1]

 

AVOCADO

 

Avocados contain persin in the leaves, seeds, bark and fruit, a substance that may cause toxicity in dogs. [1]

 

CAFFEINE

 

Caffeine that is present in coffee, chocolate and other foods can be fatal to dogs if eaten in large quantities. Methylxanthines in the cacao seeds used to make coffee, chocolate and certain sodas can cause vomiting and diarrhea, panting, seizures, heart arrhythmias, and excessive thirst and urination. [2]  Ingestion of large quantities can be fatal, and there is no antidote. [1]

 

ONIONS AND GARLIC

 

All forms of onions and garlic can destroy a dog's red blood cells, leading to anemia. Symptoms may include vomiting, weakness, shortness of breath, dullness and lack of interest in food. [1]

 

SALT AND SALTY FOODS

 

Ingestion of salt and salty foods can lead to excessive thirst and urination as well as sodium ion poisoning. Symptoms include vomiting and diarrhea, depression, seizures, fever and possible death. [2]

 

GRAPES AND RAISINS

 

Although the reasons aren't clear, consuming even small quantities of grapes or raisins can lead to kidney failure in dogs. Vomiting, lethargy and depression or initial symptoms that dogs may exhibit after eating grapes or raisins. [1]

 

XYLITOL

 

Xylitol is an ingredient that is present in many candies, gums, baked goods and toothpaste. This sweetener causes a release of insulin that can lead to liver failure. Early symptoms include vomiting, lethargy and lack of coordination, which can progress to seizures, elevated liver enzymes and liver failure within a matter of days. [2]

 

YEAST DOUGH

 

If a dog consumes yeast dough, the dough may expand and cause gas in his digestive tract, leading to bloating and discomfort. Twisting of the intestines may occur, which is a life-threatening emergency. [2] As the yeast ferments, it can release alcohol, leading to possible alcohol poisoning. [1]

 

PEACHES, PLUMS AND PERSIMMONS

 

The pit is the biggest problem when it comes to peaches, plums and persimmons. If a dog swallows the pit, it can cause inflammation obstruction in the digestive tract. In addition, the pits of plums and peaches contain cyanide, which is poisonous to dogs as well as humans. [1]

 

Other foods that aren't good for a dog include milk and dairy products and nuts, which can cause vomiting and diarrhea when dogs consume them. [2] Raw eggs can cause salmonella poisoning and interfere with absorption of certain B vitamins, leading to issues with the dog's skin and coat. Bones are dangerous for dogs to eat due to the danger of splintering that can lead to perforations within the digestive tract. [1]

 

 

Sources:

1. http://pets.webmd.com/dogs/ss/slideshow-foods-your-dog-should-never-eat

2. https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/animal-poison-control/people-foods-avoid-feeding-your-pets

answered Jan 2, 2016 by jems (19,790 points)
edited Jan 2, 2016 by jems
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There are several kinds of people food that you should not give to your sister's dog. For example, do not feed her:

 

1. Chocolate

 

2. Coffee

 

3. Caffeine

 

4. Grapes/Raisins

 

5. Citrus

 

6. Dairy

 

7. Nuts

 

Some foods that you can give to the dog are:

 

1. Peanut Butter

 

2. Cheese

 

3. Apple

 

4. Pumpkin

 

5. Chicken (cooked)

 

6. Cheese

 

References: 

 

https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/animal-poison-control/people-foods-avoid-feeding-your-pets

 

https://www.cesarsway.com/dog-care/nutrition/dog-approved-people-food

answered Jan 2, 2016 by Unckelli (50,310 points)

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