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What causes the different eye colors in human beings?

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asked Jan 18, 2016 in Science and Nature by Tiffany (390 points)
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 A person’s eye color results from pigmentation of a structure called the iris, which surrounds the small black hole in the center of the eye (the pupil) and helps control how much light can enter the eye.[2] The color of the iris ranges on a continuum from very light blue to dark brown. Most of the time eye color is categorized as blue, green/hazel, or brown. Brown is the most frequent eye color worldwide. Lighter eye colors, such as blue and green, are found almost exclusively among people of European ancestry.

 

Eye color is determined by variations in a person’s genes. Most of the genes associated with eye color are involved in the production, transport, or storage of a pigment called melanin. Eye color is directly related to the amount and quality of melanin in the front layers of the iris. People with brown eyes have a large amount of melanin in the iris, while people with blue eyes have much less of this pigment.[1]

 

 

Sources:

[1] http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/traits/eyecolor

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eye_color

answered Jan 19, 2016 by benbailey (5,400 points)
selected Jan 21, 2016 by Tiffany

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